Module 1 Phonics of the Week Short a-Language Arts 1A - Course Guide


Module Overview:

In this module, students will be learning about the short a sound, and you will be introduced to your new weekly sight words. You will also learn about capitalizing words at the beginning of every sentence and ending every sentence with a punctuation mark. You will be introduced to two reading strategies. You will learn about nouns. You will be introduced to 5 Finger Retelling to help you remember all the stories you read. You will complete a fluency check.


Module Materials:

Lesson # Lesson Title Material(s)
1 1.1 Phonics of the Week: Short a Independent Reading Book;
2 1.2 Phonics of the Week: Short a Independent Reading Book;
3 1.3 Phonics of the Week: Short a Magazine or Newspaper;
4 None
5 1.5 Phonics of the Week: Short a Independent Reading Book;

Module Objectives:

Lesson # Lesson Title Objective(s)
1 1.1 Phonics of the Week: Short a
  1. Recognize, identify, read, and spell words with the short a sound.
  2. Recognize the parts of a sentence.
  3. Recognize sight words.
2 1.2 Phonics of the Week: Short a
  1. Recognize, identify, read, and spell words with the short a sound.
  2. Understand common nouns.
  3. Print upper-case and lower-case letters: C, O, Q, S, G.
  4. Read grade-level text with purpose and understanding.
  5. Recognize sight words.
3 1.3 Phonics of the Week: Short a
  1. Recognize, identify, read, and spell words with the ă sound.
  2. Identify characters in a story.
  3. Recognize sight words.
4 1.4 Phonics of the Week: Short a
  1. Recognize, identify, read, and spell words with the short a sound.
  2. Recognize parts of a sentence.
  3. Recognize sight words.
  4. Use common nouns.
5 1.5 Phonics of the Week: Short a
  1. Recognize, identify, read, and spell words with the short a sound.
  2. Read sight words on sight.
  3. Read grade-level text with appropriate understanding.

Module Key Words:

Key Words Sight Words Spelling Words
Short a
sight words
Short a Sound
Handwriting
Nouns
ă sound
5-Finger Retelling
Spelling Test
Reading Quiz
Fluency Check
after
has
over
better
bat
sat
flat
that
ham
jam
slam
can
ran
than

Module Assignments:

Lesson # Lesson Title Page # Assignment Title
5 1.5 Phonics of the Week: Short a 5 Phonics: Short a Word Wrap Up


Learning Coach Notes:

Lesson # Lesson Title Notes
1 1.1 Phonics of the Week: Short a
  • As your student reads “Al’s Jam,” ask them the following questions: What kind of animal is Al? Why does Al get mad? What did Al chase Pat the Rat with? What did Al and Pat jump over? What happened at the end of the story? Draw a picture of something you see and write what you see using your sight words.
  • Use the sight word flashcards daily with your student. Mix them up, show them the words, and ask them to read the sight word. Next do not show them the word but say the word and ask them to spell the word.
  • During Independent Reading time, have your First Grader read the story they chose out loud so that you can hear errors and correct them if needed. After your student finishes reading the book, they chose, ask them to tell you what they read.
2 1.2 Phonics of the Week: Short a
  • In this lesson, your student will learn about reading strategies. Download the document on reading strategies and post it near their work-space or put it in a binder so that your student can easily refer to it often.
  • When reading the story Al's Jam, in this lesson, have your student write or draw in their Language Arts notebook what happened in the beginning, middle, and the end of the story.
  • As your student practices writing their letters for handwriting this week have them describe how to write the letters they are writing.
  • Use the sight word flashcards daily with your student. Mix them up, show them the words, and ask them to read the sight word. Next do not show them the word but say the word and ask them to spell the word.
  • During Independent Reading time ask your First Grader to read the story they chose out loud so that you can hear errors and correct them if needed. When they are finished, ask them to tell you about the setting of the story they read.
3 1.3 Phonics of the Week: Short a
  • Have your students practice spelling their spelling and sight words each day. Students should spell them correctly when they write.
  • Use the sight word flashcards daily with your student. Mix them up, show them the words, and ask them to read the sight word. Next do not show them the word but say the word and ask them to spell the word.
  • Your student can practice their spelling words by writing a story with their spelling words in their Language Arts notebook.
4 1.4 Phonics of the Week: Short a
  • Have your student choose five spelling words that they can illustrate and write a sentence describing their illustration in their Language Arts notebook.
  • Have your students practice spelling their spelling and sight words each day. Students should spell them correctly when they write. Use the sight word flashcards daily with your student. Mix them up, show them the words, and ask them to read the sight word. Next, do not show them the word but say the word and ask them to spell the word.
  • During Independent Reading time, have your First Grader read the story they chose out loud so that you can hear errors and correct them if needed. After they finish reading, ask them to describe their favorite character in the story they read.
5 1.5 Phonics of the Week: Short a Review the spelling words with your student before they take their spelling test. Remember to have your student complete their Independent Reading Log.

Module Guiding Questions:

When a student starts a lesson ask them questions to check for prior knowledge and understanding and to review concepts being taught. At the end of the lesson ask the questions again to see if their answer changes.

Lesson Title Question
1.1 Phonics of the week: Short a
  1. What sound does short “a” make?
  2. What are some words that have the short “a” sound in them?
  3. Use each word in a sentence: after, has, over, better (Read the words one at a time giving your first grader a chance to give a sentence for that word before you read the next word to them).
  4. Spell each word: after, has, over, better (Read the words one at a time giving your first grader a chance to spell each word before you read the next word to them).
  5. Use the word “bat” in a sentence.
  6. Spell the word “bat”.
  7. Use the word “sat” in a sentence.
  8. Spell the word, “sat”.
  9. What do you put at the end of a telling sentence?
  10. What do you put at the end of an asking sentence?
  11. What is at the end of a sentence that is read with excitement?
1.2 Phonics of the Week: Short a
  1. What sound does short “a” make?
  2. What are some words that have the short “a” sound in them?
  3. Use each word in a sentence: after, has, over, better (Read the words one at a time giving your first grader a chance to give a sentence for that word before you read the next word to them).
  4. Spell each word: after, has, over, better (Read the words one at a time giving your first grader a chance to spell each word before you read the next word to them).
  5. Use the word “flat” in a sentence.
  6. Spell the word “flat”.
  7. Use the word “that” in a sentence.
  8. Spell the word “that”.
  9. What are some strategies you can use to help you read?
  10. What is a noun?
  11. Name three nouns.
1.3 Phonics of the Week: Short a
  1. What sound does short “a” make?
  2. What are some words that have the short “a” sound in them?
  3. Use each word in a sentence: after, has, over, better (Read the words one at a time giving your first grader a chance to give a sentence for that word before you read the next word to them).
  4. Spell each word: after, has, over, better (Read the words one at a time giving your first grader a chance to spell each word before you read the next word to them).
  5. Use the word “ham” in a sentence.
  6. Spell the word “ham”.
  7. Use the word “jam” in a sentence.
  8. Spell the word “jam”.
  9. What are the five things you need to talk about when retelling a story (answer: characters, setting, problem, events, solution/ending, plus add your favorite part)?
1.4 Phonics of the Week: Short a
  1. What sound does short “a” make?
  2. What are some words that have the short “a” sound in them?
  3. Use each word in a sentence: after, has, over, better (Read the words one at a time giving your first grader a chance to give a sentence for that word before you read the next word to them).
  4. Spell each word: after, has, over, better (Read the words one at a time giving your first grader a chance to spell each word before you read the next word to them).
  5. Use the word “slam” in a sentence.
  6. Spell the word “slam”.
  7. Use the word “can” in a sentence.
  8. Spell the word “can”.
  9. What punctuation mark do you use for a telling sentence?
  10. What punctuation mark do you use for an asking sentence?
  11. What punctuation mark do you use for a sentence that you read with excitement?
1.5 Phonics of the Week: Short a
  1. What sound does short “a” make?
  2. What are some words that have the short “a” sound in them?
  3. Use each word in a sentence: after, has, over, better (Read the words one at a time giving your first grader a chance to give a sentence for that word before you read the next word to them).
  4. Spell each word: after, has, over, better (Read the words one at a time giving your first grader a chance to spell each word before you read the next word to them).
  5. Use the word “ran” in a sentence.
  6. Spell the word “ran".
  7. Use the word “than” in a sentence.
  8. Spell the word “than".

Module Video Questions:

When a student watches a video take time to ask them questions about what they watched. Suggested questions for the videos in this module are listed here. Suggestion: Have the student watch the entire video first all the way through. Then have them watch the video a second time, as they watch it pause the video and ask the questions.

Lesson Title Video Question
1.1 Phonics of the Week: Short a The Beginning and Ending of Sentences
  1. What is a period?
  2. What type of sentence ends with a period?
  3. What is a question mark?
  4. What type of sentence doe a question mark go at the end of?
  5. What is an exclamation mark?
  6. How do you read a sentence that has an exclamation mark at the end of it?
1.2 Phonics of the Week: Short a Reading Strategies
  1. What is a reading strategy?
  2. What is the "I Look" strategy?
  3. What do you do when you use the "Stretch Out the Word Strategy"?
1.2 Phonics of the Week: Short a Noun
  1. What is a noun?
  2. Give examples of some nouns.
1.3 Phonics of the Week: Short a Hungry Alligator
  1. Name the short a words that were in this video.
1.3 Phonics of the Week: Short a 5 Finger Retell
  1. What are the components of a 5 Finger Retell?
1.4 Phonics of the Week: Short a The Beginning and Ending of Sentences
  1. What do you put at the end of a telling sentence?
  2. What do you put at the end of an asking sentence?
  3. How do you read a sentence with an exclamation point at the end?

Module Suggested Read Aloud Books:

Take time to read to your student or have them read aloud to you. Read a different book each day. While reading the book point out concepts being taught. You may purchase these books or find them at your local library. Suggested things to discuss while reading the book:

  • What is the main idea?
  • What are three things new you learned?
  • How does this book relate to what you are learning about?

# Book Author Lexile Level
1 Bat and Rat Patrick Jennings
2 The Cat in the Hat Dr. Seuss 430L
3 Clam-I-Am!: All About the Beach Tish Rabe 560L
4 Fancy Nancy Jane O'Connor 510L


Module Outing:

Take some time to apply what your student is learning to the real world. Suggested outings are below.

# Outing
1 The short a sound is in "apple" this would be a good week to visit an apple orchard and learn about apples and what is made from apples.