Module 2: Freshwater on Earth - Course Guide

Module Overview:

In this module you will learn about water, weathering, erosion, deposition, rapid changes on earth, and the formation of mountains and ocean ridges.

Module Materials:

Lesson # Lesson Title Material(s)
1 Freshwater on Earth pen or pencil
poster board
markers (optional)
magazines (optional)
states of matter demonstration materials (pot, stove, freezer, ice cube, etc. (optional))
2 Weathering pen or pencil;
3 Erosion pen or pencil;
4 Deposition pen or pencil
digital camera (optional)
crayons or colored pencils (optional)
5 Rapid Changes on Earth pen or pencil
medium-sized box
plastic bottle (such as a 20 oz. water bottle)
masking tape
medium-sized bowl
1 cup flour
1 cup water
small plastic (grocery) bag
water-based paints
paint brushes
pieces of shrubs to decorate
¼ cup vinegar
2 tbsp baking soda
red or orange gelatin granules
6 Mountains and Ocean Ridges pen or pencil;

Module Objectives:

Lesson # Lesson Title Objective(s)
1 Freshwater on Earth
  1. Describe lakes, rivers, and other water sources.
  2. Explain the water cycle and how it connects fresh and saltwater sources.
  3. Define groundwater and key terms related to it.
2 Weathering
  1. Describe how weathering can cause slow changes on Earth.
3 Erosion
  1. Distinguish between mechanical and chemical weathering.
  2. Explain how erosion affects Earth over time.
4 Deposition
  1. Describe the process of deposition and give two examples.
5 Rapid Changes on Earth
  1. Describe how volcanoes can cause rapid changes on Earth's surface.
  2. Explain how earthquakes can cause rapid changes on Earth's surface.
  3. Describe how natural disasters can rapidly cause changes to Earth's surface.
  4. Define how mass wasting can rapidly change Earth's surface.
6 Mountains and Ocean Ridges
  1. Explain the formation of mountains in the context of the theory of plate tectonics.
  2. Describe how fault-block and folded mountains are formed.
  3. Describe how ocean ridges and ocean trenches are formed.

Module Key Words:

Key Words
water cycle
states of water
mechanical weathering
chemical weathering
cave formations
natural disaster
mass wasting
mountain building
fault-block mountain
folded mountain
ocean ridge
ocean trench

Module Assignments:

Lesson # Lesson Title Page # Assignment Title
1 Freshwater on Earth 4 Water Collage Assignment
1 Freshwater on Earth 8 Enjoying Water Assignment
4 Deposition 2 Exploring Erosion Assignment
5 Rapid Changes on Earth 3 Volcanoes Assignment

Learning Coach Notes:


Module Guiding Questions:

When a student starts a lesson ask them questions to check for prior knowledge and understanding and to review concepts being taught. At the end of the lesson ask the questions again to see if their answer changes.

Lesson Title Question
Freshwater on Earth
  1. What types of freshwater sources are on Earth?
  1. How does weathering change the land?
  1. How does erosion change the land?
  1. What role does deposition play in changing the land?
Rapid Changes on Earth
  1. What forces of nature can cause rapid changes on Earth?
Mountains and Ocean Ridges
  1. How are mountains formed?

Module Video Questions:

When a student watches a video take time to ask them questions about what they watched. Suggested questions for the videos in this module are listed here. Suggestion: Have the student watch the entire video first all the way through. Then have them watch the video a second time, as they watch it pause the video and ask the questions.

Lesson Title Video Question
Freshwater on Earth Lakes, Rivers, and Other Freshwater Sources
  1. In your science notebook create 3 columns, in one column put lakes, in another put rivers, and in the third put streams.
  2. As you watch this video write down what you learn about each body of water.
  3. Then describe the role of the water cycle.
Freshwater on Earth Water Cycle
  1. In your notebook draw and label the water cycle.
  2. Write a summary explaining how it works.
Freshwater on Earth Water on Earth
  1. List the types of water on Earth with a description of each and their importance in your science notebook.
Freshwater on Earth Groundwater
  1. What is groundwater?
  2. How do we use groundwater?
Weathering What is Weathering?
  1. What are some of the forces that can change the land?
Weathering What is Weathering 2
  1. What are some common landforms?
  2. What layer of the Earth experiences the most changes?
  3. What are the forces that change the land?
  4. What breaks up rocks?
  5. What is weathering?
  6. What is erosion?
Weathering Weathering
  1. In your science notebook, write down 5 key points from this video.
Erosion Erosion
  1. What is erosion?
  2. What causes erosion?
Erosion What is Erosion?
  1. In your Science notebook, summarize what you learned about erosion from this video.
Deposition Deposition
  1. What is deposition?
  2. What causes deposition?
Deposition Deposition of River Sediments
  1. What role do rivers play in deposition?
  2. What kind of land features are created because of deposition from a river?
Rapid Changes on Earth Earth Changes Quickly
  1. What can cause Earth to change quickly?
  2. Explain.
Rapid Changes on Earth Volcanoes: Mountains of Fire
  1. What are the three types of volcanoes?
  2. How is each type of volcano formed?
  3. What is the Ring of Fire?
  4. Write a summary of what you learned from this video in your Science notebook.
Rapid Changes on Earth Earthquakes
  1. Who is Alfred Wegener?
  2. What was Pangea?
  3. What evidence do we have of Pangea?
  4. What is the theory of plate tectonics?
  5. What are plates and how do they work?
  6. What is the San Andreas Fault?
  7. What is an aftershock?
  8. How many earthquakes occur every day on Earth?
Rapid Changes on Earth Mass Wasting
  1. What causes mass wasting events?
  2. What are some examples of mass wasting events?
  3. What is an avalanche?
  4. What is a landslide?
  5. What is a mudslide?
  6. What is a rockslide?
Mountains and Ocean Ridges Exploring Earth's Mountains
  1. What is the tallest Mountain?
  2. What Mountain range is the tallest mountain located in?
  3. What is the tallest mountain range?
  4. What is the longest mountain range?

Module Suggested Read Aloud Books:

Take time to read to your student or have them read aloud to you. Read a different book each day. While reading the book point out concepts being taught. You may purchase these books or find them at your local library. Suggested things to discuss while reading the book:

  • What is the main idea?
  • What are three things new you learned?
  • How does this book relate to what you are learning about?

# Book Author Lexile Level
1 Lakes, Rivers, and Streams Mina Flores
2 Weathering and Erosion Maria Nelson NC890L
3 Cracking Up: A Story About Erosion Jacqui Bailey 650L
4 What Shapes the Land? Bobbie Kalman IG770L
5 National Geographic Kids Everything Volcanoes and Earthquakes Kathy Furgang 1040L
6 Extreme Weather Ann O. Squire 890L
7 Ocean Ridges and Trenches Peter Aleshire
8 Mountains Seymour Simon 1140L

Module Outing:

Take some time to apply what your student is learning to the real world. Suggested outings are below.

# Outing
1 Visit a lake, pond, river or stream and have your student observe the life in these areas.