# Module 5: Measurements and Instruments - Course Guide

## Module Overview:

In this module you will learn about the customary vs. metric system, measuring length, measuring mass, measuring temperature, scientific instruments, properties of matter, states of matter, and conservation of mass.

## Module Materials:

Lesson # Lesson Title Material(s)
1 Customary vs. Metric pen or pencil
liquid measuring cup
3 liquids (pint of milk, bottle of water, can of juice, etc.)
2 Measuring Length pen or pencil;
3 Measuring Mass pen or pencil;
4 Measuring Temperature pen or pencil
rubbing alcohol
water bottle
food coloring (any color will work)
clear plastic drinking straw
modeling clay
5 Science Instruments pen or pencil;
6 Properties of Matter pen or pencil;
7 Property of Measurement pen or pencil
2 clear drinking glasses
2 eggs
table salt
measuring spoon
8 Three Categories of Matter pen or pencil;
9 States of Matter pen or pencil
crayons or colored pencils (optional)
can of frozen-concentrate orange juice
large spoon
pitcher
several paper cups
wooden craft sticks
aluminum foil
2-liter bottle of soda
balloon
watch or clock
10 Conservation of Mass pen or pencil;

Module Objectives:

Lesson # Lesson Title Objective(s)
1 Customary vs. Metric
1. Describe the differences between metric and customary units of measurement.
2 Measuring Length
1. Identify the correct metric unit for length for given situations.
3 Measuring Mass
1. Identify the unit for mass.
2. Distinguish between mass, weight, and density.
4 Measuring Temperature
1. Define temperature and compare Fahrenheit, Celsius, and Kelvin.
5 Science Instruments
1. Identify several important scientific instruments and describe how they are used.
6 Properties of Matter
1. Describe observable properties of matter.
7 Property of Measurement
1. Distinguish between mass, weight, and volume.
2. Define density.
8 Three Categories of Matter
1. Describe the three main categories of matter.
2. Identify the boiling and freezing/melting points of water.
9 States of Matter
1. Name three common states of matter and describe their key properties.
2. Describe the process of changing the state of matter of a substance.
10 Conservation of Mass
1. Explain the law of conservation of mass.

Module Key Words:

Key Words
accuracy
metric units
customary units
Imperial units
length
metric unit
measuring
mass
weight
density
temperature
Fahrenheit
Celsius
Kelvin
equipment
instruments
scientific tools
matter
properties of matter
senses
measurement
solids
volume
solid
liquid
gas
change of state
molecules
law of conservation of mass

Module Assignments:

Lesson # Lesson Title Page # Assignment Title
2 Measuring Length 3 Metric Hunting Assignment
5 Science Instruments 2 Scientific Tools Report Assignment
9 States of Matter 5 Moving Molecules Assignment

None

## Module Guiding Questions:

When a student starts a lesson ask them questions to check for prior knowledge and understanding and to review concepts being taught. At the end of the lesson ask the questions again to see if their answer changes.

Lesson Title Question
Customary vs. Metric
1. What is the difference between customary and metric units of measurement?
Measuring Length
1. How do you measure distance and length?
Measuring Mass
1. How do you measure mass?
Measuring Temperature
1. How do you measure temperature?
Science Instruments
1. What kinds of tools do scientists use?
Properties of Matter
1. What are the properties of matter?
Property of Measurement
1. How do you measure solids?
Three Categories of Matter
1. What are the three states of matter?
States of Matter
1. How can matter change?
Conservation of Mass
1. What is the law of conservation of mass?

## Module Video Questions:

When a student watches a video take time to ask them questions about what they watched. Suggested questions for the videos in this module are listed here. Suggestion: Have the student watch the entire video first all the way through. Then have them watch the video a second time, as they watch it pause the video and ask the questions.

Lesson Title Video Question
Customary vs. Metric Sizes of Standard Units
1. What are the units of measurements we use in the United States?
2. How many ounces are in a pound?
3. How many quarts are in a gallon?
4. How many inches in a foot?
5. How do we measure liquid?
6. What volume measurements do we use?
7. How many ounces are in a cup?
8. How many ounces is one liter?
Measuring Length Metric Length
1. What are metric units used to measure distance and length?
2. How do you measure distance and length?
Measuring Length Writing the Correct Unit of Measurement in Changing Metric Units
1. In your science notebook create a chart that lists the units of measurements and their conversions that are named in this video.
Measuring Mass Comparing Mass
1. How can you find the volume of a solid object?
2. Why does the rock have more mass than the water even though they have the same volume?
3. What does dense mean?
Measuring Mass Mass
1. How is mass different from weight?
Measuring Temperature Measuring Temperature
1. What are the three different temperature systems used to measure temperature?
2. What is absolute zero?
3. What do you use to measure temperature?
4. What is the proper way to use a thermometer?
Measuring Temperature Fahrenheit and Celsius
1. How do we measure temperature?
2. What is the customary unit of temperature?
3. What is the metric unit of temperature?
4. What is the abbreviation for Fahrenheit?
5. What is the abbreviation for Celsius?
Properties of Matter Properties of Matter
1. What is Matter?
2. What are the properties of matter?
3. List the properties of matter in your Science notebook.
4. What tools do we use to measure the properties of matter?
Property of Measurement Measuring Solids
1. What is the metric system?
2. What is the meter?
3. How many centimeters are in a meter?
4. What do you use to measure the length of solids?
5. What tool do you use to measure the weight of solids?
6. What unit of measurement is used to measure weight?
7. What is volume?
8. What is density?
9. What is the unit of measurement for volume?
Property of Measurement A Physical Property Relating Mass and Volume
1. As you watch this video write down a minimum of 5 concepts taught in your science notebook.
Three Categories of Matter Solids, Liquids and Gases
1. What are the properties of a solid?
2. What are the properties of a liquid?
3. What are the properties of a gas?
States of Matter Solid, Liquid, and Gas
1. What are the three states of matter?
2. What are the characteristics of water in its three states?
3. What has to happen for water to change from state to state?
Conservation of Mass Mixtures and Solutions
1. In your science notebook, write down what you learned from this video.

## Module Suggested Read Aloud Books:

Take time to read to your student or have them read aloud to you. Read a different book each day. While reading the book point out concepts being taught. You may purchase these books or find them at your local library. Suggested things to discuss while reading the book:

• What is the main idea?
• What are three things new you learned?
• How does this book relate to what you are learning about?

# Book Author Lexile Level
1 The Know-Nonsense Guide to Measurements: An Awesomely Fun Guide to How Things are Measured! Heidi Fiedler 870L
2 What's the Matter in Mr. Whiskers' Room? Michael Elsohn Ross 590L
3 What Is the World Made Of?: All About Solids, Liquids, and Gases Kathleen Weidner Zoehfeld
4 Joe-Joe the Wizard Brews Up Solids, Liquids, and Gases Eric Mark Braun NC500L

## Module Outing:

Take some time to apply what your student is learning to the real world. Suggested outings are below.

# Outing