Module 24: Fast and Slow Changes on Earth- Science 3 - Course Guide

Module Overview:

In this module, students will learn to describe the characteristics and causes of volcanoes, and earthquakes, and illustrate volcanoes and earthquakes. They will describe slow changes to land on Earth, explain how erosion occurs, explain why plants are important to preventing erosion, and create a model of a way to prevent erosion.

Module Materials:

Lesson # Lesson Title Material(s)
1 Volcanoes crayon (black)
watercolor paints
paper (thick, white)
2 Earthquakes colored pencils;
3 Slow Changes colored pencils;
4 Project: Prevent Erosion plastic boxes/bins (2 shallow)
plastic cup
plants (small)

Module Objectives:

Lesson # Lesson Title Objective(s)
1 Volcanoes
  1. Describe the characteristics and causes of volcanoes.
  2. Illustrate volcanoes.
2 Earthquakes
  1. Describe the characteristics and causes of earthquakes.
  2. Illustrate earthquakes.
3 Slow Changes
  1. Describe slow changes to land on Earth.
  2. Explain how erosion occurs.
4 Project: Prevent Erosion
  1. Explain why plants are important to preventing erosion.
  2. Create a model of a way to prevent erosion.

Module Key Words:

Key Words
fault scrap
seismic waves
slow changes

Module Assignments:

Lesson # Lesson Title Page # Assignment Title
1 Volcanoes 6 Illustrate a Volcano Assignment
2 Earthquakes 6 Illustrate an Earthquake Assignment
3 Slow Changes 6 Weathering and Erosion Assignment

Learning Coach Notes:

Lesson # Lesson Title Notes
1 Volcanoes After completing this lesson, ask your student to explain how volcanoes form and the parks of a volcano, and research where volcanoes are in the United States.
2 Earthquakes After completing this lesson, ask your student to explain what cause and effect is and the cause-and-effect relationship between earthquakes and volcanoes. Ask them to explain what causes an earthquake, how earthquakes are detected, and the parts of an earthquake.
3 Slow Changes After completing this lesson, ask your student to explain what weathering and erosion are and how it changes the land.
4 Project: Prevent Erosion Before your student begins their project have them review the directions and make sure they understand what they are supposed to do. When they are done have them double-check the directions to make sure they completed all required tasks.

Module Guiding Questions:

When a student starts a lesson ask them questions to check for prior knowledge and understanding and to review concepts being taught. At the end of the lesson ask the questions again to see if their answer changes.

Lesson Title Question
  1. What is a volcano?
  1. How does an earthquake happen?
Slow Changes
  1. What are slow changes that happen to the Earth?
Project: Prevent Erosion
  1. What is erosion, and how can it be prevented?

Module Video Questions:

When a student watches a video take time to ask them questions about what they watched. Suggested questions for the videos in this module are listed here. Suggestion: Have the student watch the entire video first all the way through. Then have them watch the video a second time, as they watch it pause the video and ask the questions.

Lesson Title Video Question

Module Suggested Read Aloud Books:

Take time to read to your student or have them read aloud to you. Read a different book each day. While reading the book point out concepts being taught. You may purchase these books or find them at your local library. Suggested things to discuss while reading the book:

  • What is the main idea?
  • What are three things new you learned?
  • How does this book relate to what you are learning about?

# Book Author Lexile Level
1 The Magic School Bus Blows Its Top: A Book About Volcanoes Joanna Cole
2 Volcanoes Gail Gibbons
3 Earthquakes Dr. Franklyn M. Branley and Megan Lloyd

Module Outing:

Take some time to apply what your student is learning to the real world. Suggested outings are below.

# Outing