# Module 3: Forces and Motion-Science 5A - Course Guide

## Module Overview:

In this module, students will learn about position, motion, and force and their relationship, and they will learn about inertia and different types of energy. Students will learn about measuring speed, acceleration, types of forces, and Newton's Laws of motion.

## Module Materials:

Lesson # Lesson Title Material(s)
1 Force, Motion, and Position pen or pencil;
2 Energy and Inertia pen or pencil;
3 Measuring Speed calculator
pen or pencil
4 Acceleration calculator
pen or pencil
5 Force pen or pencil;
6 Types of Forces pen or pencil;
7 Newton’s Laws of Motion index card
glass
coin
pen or pencil
8 Law of Inertia crayons or colored pencils
pen or pencil
9 Earth and Weight calculator
pen or pencil

Module Objectives:

Lesson # Lesson Title Objective(s)
1 Force, Motion, and Position
1. Identify the relationship between motion, position, and force.
2 Energy and Inertia
1. Differentiate between kinetic and potential energy.
2. Describe how inertia keeps objects in motion or at rest.
3 Measuring Speed
1. Explain how the speed of an object is calculated.
2. Calculate the speed or distance travelled using the equation s = d/t.
4 Acceleration
1. Explain that acceleration is a rate of change in velocity.
2. Calculate the rate of acceleration.
5 Force
1. Define a force as a push or pull on an object.
2. Describe the effect of applying a force to an object on that object’s motion.
6 Types of Forces
1. Differentiate between the different types of forces that can act on objects.
7 Newton’s Laws of Motion
1. Define Newton’s three laws of motion.
2. Give an example of each of Newton’s three laws in action.
8 Law of Inertia
1. Define the law of inertia.
2. Describe how inertia affects moving or nonmoving objects.
9 Earth and Weight
1. Describe gravity and how it affects the weight of objects.
2. Describe how an object can have a different weight on different planets, moons, etc.

Module Key Words:

Key Words
position
motion
force
speed
potential energy
kinetic energy
inertia
velocity
acceleration
gravitational force
friction force
buoyant force
drag force
applied force
Newton’s laws of motion
law of inertia
gravity
weight
mass

Module Assignments:

Lesson # Lesson Title Page # Assignment Title
4 Acceleration 5 Assignment
8 Law of Inertia 4 Assignment
9 Earth and Weight 5 Assignment

None

## Module Guiding Questions:

When a student starts a lesson ask them questions to check for prior knowledge and understanding and to review concepts being taught. At the end of the lesson ask the questions again to see if their answer changes.

Lesson Title Question
Force, Motion, and Position
1. What is force?
Energy and Inertia
1. What are energy and inertia?
Measuring Speed
1. What information is needed to figure out an object’s speed?
Acceleration
1. What is acceleration?
Force
1. What is force?
Types of Forces
1. What are the different types of forces?
Newton’s Laws of Motion
1. What are Newton's Laws of Motion?
Law of Inertia
1. What is inertia?
Earth and Weight
1. What is the force of gravity?

## Module Video Questions:

When a student watches a video take time to ask them questions about what they watched. Suggested questions for the videos in this module are listed here. Suggestion: Have the student watch the entire video first all the way through. Then have them watch the video a second time, as they watch it pause the video and ask the questions.

Lesson Title Video Question
Force, Motion, and Position Position, Motion, and Force
1. What is motion?
2. How do you measure motion?
3. What is position?
4. What is force?
Energy and Inertia Energy and Inertia
1. What causes free falling?
2. What is potential energy?
3. What is inertia?
Measuring Speed Measuring Speed
1. What is speed?
2. How is speed measured?
Acceleration Acceleration
1. What is acceleration?
2. How do you calculate acceleration?
Force Force
1. What is force?
2. What has to happen for the motion of an object to change?
Types of Forces Types of Forces
1. What is gravitational force?
2. What is friction?
3. What is applied force?
4. What is drag?
5. What is tension?
6. What is magnetic force?
7. What is spring force?
Newton’s Laws of Motion Newton's Laws of Motion
1. What is the law of inertia?
2. What is Newton's second law of motion?
3. What is Newton's third law of motion?
Law of Inertia Law of Inertia
1. What is the Law of Inertia?
Earth and Weight Earth and Weight
1. What is gravity?
2. What has gravity?
3. What affects the gravitational pull of an object?
4. What is weight?

## Module Suggested Read Aloud Books:

Take time to read to your student or have them read aloud to you. Read a different book each day. While reading the book point out concepts being taught. You may purchase these books or find them at your local library. Suggested things to discuss while reading the book:

• What is the main idea?
• What are three things new you learned?
• How does this book relate to what you are learning about?

# Book Author Lexile Level
1 Forces Make Things Move Kimberly Bradley
2 Mass and Weight Arthur Best
3 What Holds Us to Earth?: A Look at Gravity Jennifer Boothroyd 520L
4 Forces and Motion through Infographics Rebecca Rowell 650L
5 Isaac Newton and the Laws of Motion Andrea Gianopoulos
6 Roller Coaster!: Motion and Acceleration Paul Mason IG610L

## Module Outing:

Take some time to apply what your student is learning to the real world. Suggested outings are below.

# Outing
1 Take your student to a local science museum to explore any exhibits they may have on force and motion.