# Module 6: Building Blocks of Matter - Course Guide

## Module Overview:

In this module you will learn about the building blocks of matter, the Periodic Table, mixtures and compounds, solutions, force and motion, and friction.

## Module Materials:

Lesson # Lesson Title Material(s)
1 Building Blocks pen or pencil
large leaf
bag of gumdrops
box of toothpicks
2 Periodic Table pen or pencil;
3 Mixtures and Compounds pen or pencil;
4 Solutions pen or pencil
3 clear drinking glasses
3 index cards
markers
measuring cup
measuring spoon
4 and 1/2 teaspoons of regular granular sugar
watch or clock
6 sugar cubes
spoon
8 glass jars with lids
1 cup and 1/2 teaspoon vinegar
1/2 teaspoon rubbing alcohol
1/2 teaspoon solid laundry soap
1/2 teaspoon liquid soap
1/2 teaspoon flour
1 teaspoon cooking oil
1/2 teaspoon ground up chalk
1/2 teaspoon dirt
5 Motion pen or pencil
10 pennies, 10 of any object that could act as bowling pins (for example paper towel rolls or stuffed animals), 1 ball
6 Forces and Movement pen or pencil;
7 Friction pen or pencil
3 small toy cars of different sizes
flat piece of plywood
3 or 4 hard covered books
towel
3 or 4 pieces of sandpaper
mirror
ruler

Module Objectives:

Lesson # Lesson Title Objective(s)
1 Building Blocks
1. Describe the building blocks of matter: elements, atoms, and molecules.
2 Periodic Table
1. Describe the periodic table of elements.
2. Create a model of an atom.
3 Mixtures and Compounds
1. Explain the difference between a mixture and a compound.
2. Distinguish between an homogeneous and a heterogeneous mixture.
4 Solutions
1. Define a solution, and give several examples.
5 Motion
1. Define motion and position.
2. Define energy.
3. Recognize the difference between potential energy and kinetic energy.
4. Define speed.
5. Recognize changes in energy when objects collide.
6 Forces and Movement
1. Explain how forces cause changes in motion.
7 Friction
1. Describe how friction effects the movement of objects.

Module Key Words:

Key Words
atom
elements
compounds
molecules
atoms
Periodic Table
element
chemical bond
compound
mixture
heterogeneous
homogeneous
solution
dissolve
solvent
solute
motion
movement
position
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
speed
force
push
pull
friction

Module Assignments:

Lesson # Lesson Title Page # Assignment Title

None

## Module Guiding Questions:

When a student starts a lesson ask them questions to check for prior knowledge and understanding and to review concepts being taught. At the end of the lesson ask the questions again to see if their answer changes.

Lesson Title Question
Building Blocks
1. What is matter made of?
Periodic Table
1. What information can you get from The Periodic Table?
Mixtures and Compounds
1. What is the difference between compounds and mixtures?
Solutions
1. What is a solution?
Motion
1. What causes things to move?
Forces and Movement
1. What is force?
Friction
1. What is friction?

## Module Video Questions:

When a student watches a video take time to ask them questions about what they watched. Suggested questions for the videos in this module are listed here. Suggestion: Have the student watch the entire video first all the way through. Then have them watch the video a second time, as they watch it pause the video and ask the questions.

Lesson Title Video Question
Building Blocks The Magic School Bus: Molly Meets Cue
1. Write a summary of this video in your science notebook.
Building Blocks The Atom
1. What is an atom?
2. What is all matter made up of?
Building Blocks Elements
1. What is an element?
2. How many elements are there?
3. How are the elements organized?
4. What is the Periodic Table?
5. What are the symbols for elements?
6. What happens when elements combine?
7. What is a compound?
8. What 2 elements is water made of?
Building Blocks Molecules
1. What are molecules?
Periodic Table Understanding Atoms
1. What are atoms?
2. How do atoms move in a gas?
3. How do atoms move in a liquid?
4. How do atoms move in a solid?
Periodic Table Chemical Bonds, Elements, Atoms, and Compounds
1. Where is chemical energy stored?
2. What are chemical bonds?
3. What are elements?
4. How many elements are found in nature?
5. name some elements.
6. What is the smallest particle of an element?
7. What are atoms made of?
8. What are 5 things you learned about in this video?
Periodic Table The Periodic Table
1. Describe the Periodic Table and how it is used.
Mixtures and Compounds The Magic School Bus: Get Ready, Set, Dough
1. After viewing this video summarize what you learned about mixtures in your science notebook.
Mixtures and Compounds Discovering Mixtures
1. What are some examples of mixtures that were discussed in this video?
Mixtures and Compounds Two Types of Mixtures
1. What are the types of mixtures?
Mixtures and Compounds Compounds
1. What is a compound?
2. What are compounds made of?
3. What kinds of compounds are there?
4. What is a molecule?
Solutions Solutions
1. What is a solution?
2. Give examples of solutions.
Motion How Things Move
1. What does the word motion mean?
2. What are some ways that objects move?
3. How can a ball move?
4. What can effect how an object moves?
Forces and Movement Push and Pull
1. What is a force?
2. What is a simple machine?
3. What are the types of simple machines?
Friction Facts About Forces
1. What are five concepts you learned from this video?
Friction A World Without Friction
1. What would our world be like without friction?

## Module Suggested Read Aloud Books:

Take time to read to your student or have them read aloud to you. Read a different book each day. While reading the book point out concepts being taught. You may purchase these books or find them at your local library. Suggested things to discuss while reading the book:

• What is the main idea?
• What are three things new you learned?
• How does this book relate to what you are learning about?

# Book Author Lexile Level
1 Atoms and Molecules (Building Blocks of Matter) Richard Spilsbury
2 The Periodic Table Sean Callery 1130L
3 Mixtures And Compounds Marylou Morano Kjelle 820L
4 A Crash Course in Forces and Motion with Max Axiom, Super Scientist Emily Beth Sohn
5 Friction Matthew Mullins 820L

## Module Outing:

Take some time to apply what your student is learning to the real world. Suggested outings are below.

# Outing