# Module 9: Heat Transfer- Science 3 - Course Guide

## Module Overview:

In this module, students will learn to explain that friction causes heat, investigate how friction causes heat, observe how heat transfers, and explain the different ways heat can be transferred. They will explore different materials to determine which are best for conducting heat or insulating heat and compare and contrast conductors and insulators. Finally, they will design a solar oven that will use heat from the Sun to cook food and apply the engineering design process to create the design.

## Module Materials:

Lesson # Lesson Title Material(s)
1 Creating Heat soap
water
2 How Heat Travels ice cubes;
3 Conductors and Insulators ice cubes
stopwatch or timer
water
mug
5 household objects made of wood, metal, plastic, paper, and rubber such as pencil, spoon, plastic utensil, straw, and eraser
3 household materials such as cardboard, plastic, metal, glass, cloth, Styrofoam®, or paper
4 Project: Solar Oven cardboard
aluminum foil
plastic wrap
construction paper (black)
tape (clear)
scissors
thermometer
pie tin
newspaper or other insulation material
food items such as marshmallows, chocolate, and graham crackers for s’mores, or tortilla chips and cheese for nachos or similar

Module Objectives:

Lesson # Lesson Title Objective(s)
1 Creating Heat
1. Explain that friction causes heat.
2. Investigate how friction causes heat.
2 How Heat Travels
1. Observe how heat transfers.
2. Explain the different ways heat can be transferred.
3 Conductors and Insulators
1. Explore different materials to determine which are best for conducting heat or insulating heat.
2. Compare and contrast conductors and insulators.
4 Project: Solar Oven
1. Design a solar oven that will use heat from the Sun to cook food.
2. Apply the engineering design process to create the design.

Module Key Words:

Key Words
friction
heat energy
heat transfer
energy
conductor
insulator
heat
solar

Module Assignments:

Lesson # Lesson Title Page # Assignment Title
1 Creating Heat 6 Investigate Friction Assignment
2 How Heat Travels 6 Convection, Conduction, and Radiation Assignment
3 Conductors and Insulators 6 Explore Conductors and Insulators Assignment
4 Project: Solar Oven 2 Solar Oven Project

## Learning Coach Notes:

Lesson # Lesson Title Notes
1 Creating Heat After completing this lesson, ask your student to explain what friction is, how it is created, and how it creates heat.
2 How Heat Travels After completing this lesson, have your student create an illustration that shows the different ways heat travels demonstrating radiation, convection, and conduction.
3 Conductors and Insulators After completing this lesson, ask your student to explain the difference between a conductor and an insulator.
4 Project: Solar Oven Before your student begins their project have them review the directions and make sure they understand what they are supposed to do. When they are done have them double-check the directions to make sure they completed all required tasks.

## Module Guiding Questions:

When a student starts a lesson ask them questions to check for prior knowledge and understanding and to review concepts being taught. At the end of the lesson ask the questions again to see if their answer changes.

Lesson Title Question
Creating Heat
1. How does friction create heat?
How Heat Travels
1. How does heat transfer from one object to another?
Conductors and Insulators
1. What is the difference between conductors and insulators?
Project: Solar Oven
1. How can we cook food using the Sun’s heat?

## Module Video Questions:

When a student watches a video take time to ask them questions about what they watched. Suggested questions for the videos in this module are listed here. Suggestion: Have the student watch the entire video first all the way through. Then have them watch the video a second time, as they watch it pause the video and ask the questions.

Lesson Title Video Question

## Module Suggested Read Aloud Books:

Take time to read to your student or have them read aloud to you. Read a different book each day. While reading the book point out concepts being taught. You may purchase these books or find them at your local library. Suggested things to discuss while reading the book:

• What is the main idea?
• What are three things new you learned?
• How does this book relate to what you are learning about?

# Book Author Lexile Level
1 The Magic School Bus in the Arctic: A Book About Heat Anne Schreiber

## Module Outing:

Take some time to apply what your student is learning to the real world. Suggested outings are below.

# Outing