Module 1-Science 4B - Course Guide

Module Overview:

In this module, students will learn about how sound is produced and some of the characteristics of sound. Students will learn how light travels and behaves. Students will learn about heat and temperature.

Module Materials:

Lesson # Lesson Title Material(s)
1 Sound pen or pencil
materials to create a homemade musical instrument (optional)
walking spring toy, such as a slinky® (optional)
medium-sized bowl (optional)
plastic cling wrap (for covering food) (optional)
rubber band (optional)
several grains of uncooked rice (optional)
metal clothes hanger with no plastic coating (optional)
2 pieces of string about 1 meter long (optional)
metric ruler (plastic) (optional)
9 drinking glasses, the same size if possible (optional)
pitcher (optional)
metal spoon (optional)
2 Light pen or pencil
plastic report cover, clear (optional)
markers (optional)
metric ruler (plastic) (optional)
scissors (optional)
tape or glue (optional)
cardboard paper towel tube, cut to 20 cm long (optional)
construction paper (black) (optional)
plastic wrap (10 cm square) (optional)
wax paper (10 cm square) (optional)
small, colorful, and lightweight objects such as transparent beads, shiny confetti, and sequins (optional)
rubber band (optional)
magazines (optional)
poster board (optional)
quarter (optional)
large, shallow baking pan (optional)
3 index cards (optional)
mounting tack (for holding cards upright) (optional)
flashlight (optional)
3 Heat and Temperature pen or pencil
2–3 trays of ice cubes
3 small zip-close plastic bags
watch or clock
3 bowls
3 identical plastic cups
materials for wrapping cups (such as bubble wrap, aluminum foil, plastic bags, newspaper, cardboard, or cloth)
tape or glue
large, shallow baking pan

Module Objectives:

Lesson # Lesson Title Objective(s)
1 Sound
  1. Describe how vibrating objects produce sound.
  2. Define pitch, and explain how it can be varied.
2 Light
  1. Describe how light travels.
  2. Explain how light is reflected, refracted, and absorbed.
3 Heat and Temperature
  1. Describe how heat can be produced.
  2. Describe the difference between heat and temperature.
  3. Explain how heat can move from one object to another.

Module Key Words:

Key Words
compression wave

Module Assignments:

Lesson # Lesson Title Page # Assignment Title
1 Sound 1 Sounds Abound!
2 Light 10 Light Art

Learning Coach Notes:


Module Guiding Questions:

When a student starts a lesson ask them questions to check for prior knowledge and understanding and to review concepts being taught. At the end of the lesson ask the questions again to see if their answer changes.

Lesson Title Question
  1. What is sound?
  1. What is light?
Heat and Temperature
  1. What is heat?
  2. What is temperature?

Module Video Questions:

When a student watches a video take time to ask them questions about what they watched. Suggested questions for the videos in this module are listed here. Suggestion: Have the student watch the entire video first all the way through. Then have them watch the video a second time, as they watch it pause the video and ask the questions.

Lesson Title Video Question
Sound The Magic School Bus: In the Haunted House
  1. What are 5 things you learned about sound from this video?
Sound Rhythm and Melody
  1. What is rhythm?
  2. Give examples of a rhythm?
  3. What is tempo?
  4. What is a melody?
  5. What are examples of melodies?
Light The Magic School Bus: Gets a Bright Idea
  1. What are 5 things you learned about light from this video?
Light Light
  1. What are some sources of light?
  2. What is light?
  3. How does light travel?
  4. What is a transverse wave?
  5. Why are light waves unique?
  6. What is a medium?
Light What’s In a Rainbow?
  1. What did you learn about transparent items from this video?
  2. How is a rainbow made?
  3. What colors are in a rainbow?
Heat and Temperature Heat Energy
  1. What is heat?
  2. How does heat always flow in objects?
  3. What are the 3 methods heat is transmitted by?
  4. What is radiation?
  5. What is an example of radiation?
  6. What is conduction?
  7. What is an example of conduction?
  8. What is convection?
  9. What is an example of convection?
Heat and Temperature MSB: In The Arctic
  1. Why did Arnold’s Hot Cocoa get cold at the beginning of the video?
  2. When the kids put the heat goggles on what did they see?
  3. What keeps the polar bear warm?
  4. What keeps a Walrus Warm?
  5. How does the insulation in walls keep a house warm?
  6. How does a wet suit keep you warm in the water?
  7. How does a thermos keep the heat in?
  8. Based on this video what do you think insulation is?
Heat and Temperature Heat, Temperature, and Energy
  1. What is thermal energy?
  2. What example did they give of electrical energy turning into heat energy?
  3. Describe how a thermometer works relating it to expansion and contraction.
  4. What is temperature?
  5. Why does having air as insulators help conserve heat?
  6. Why are liquids, poor conductors?

Module Suggested Read Aloud Books:

Take time to read to your student or have them read aloud to you. Read a different book each day. While reading the book point out concepts being taught. You may purchase these books or find them at your local library. Suggested things to discuss while reading the book:

  • What is the main idea?
  • What are three things new you learned?
  • How does this book relate to what you are learning about?

# Book Author Lexile Level
1 Sounds All Around Wendy Pfeffer
2 Sound: Loud, Soft, High, and Low Natalie Myra Rosinsky
3 Light Is All Around Us Wendy Pfeffer 610L
4 Light: Shadows, Mirrors, and Rainbows Natalie Myra Rosinsky
5 The Energy That Warms Us: A Look at Heat Jennifer Boothroyd
6 Energy: Heat, Light, and Fuel Darlene Ruth Stille

Module Outing:

Take some time to apply what your student is learning to the real world. Suggested outings are below.

# Outing
1 Visit a local science museum to see if there are any exhibits on sound, light and heat energy.